3.5

CiteScore

2.3

Impact Factor
  • ISSN 1674-8301
  • CN 32-1810/R
Vitaly Chasov, Damir Davletshin, Elvina Gilyazova, Regina Mirgayazova, Anna Kudriaeva, Raniya Khadiullina, Youyong Yuan, Emil Bulatov. Anticancer therapeutic strategies for targeting mutant p53-Y220C[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research. DOI: 10.7555/JBR.37.20230093
Citation: Vitaly Chasov, Damir Davletshin, Elvina Gilyazova, Regina Mirgayazova, Anna Kudriaeva, Raniya Khadiullina, Youyong Yuan, Emil Bulatov. Anticancer therapeutic strategies for targeting mutant p53-Y220C[J]. The Journal of Biomedical Research. DOI: 10.7555/JBR.37.20230093

Anticancer therapeutic strategies for targeting mutant p53-Y220C

  • The tumor suppressor p53 is a transcription factor with a powerful antitumor activity that is controlled by its negative regulator murine double minute 2 (MDM2, also termed HDM2 in humans) through a feedback mechanism. At the same time, TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancers. Mutant p53 proteins lose wild-type p53 tumor suppression functions but acquire new oncogenic properties, among which are deregulating cell proliferation, increasing chemoresistance, disrupting tissue architecture, and promoting migration, invasion and metastasis as well as several other pro-oncogenic activities. The oncogenic p53 mutation Y220C creates an extended surface crevice in the DNA-binding domain destabilizing p53 and causing its denaturation and aggregation. This cavity accommodates stabilizing small molecules that have therapeutic values. The development of suitable small-molecule stabilizers is one of the therapeutic strategies for reactivating the Y220C mutant protein. In this review, we summarize approaches that target p53-Y220C, including reactivating this mutation with small molecules that bind Y220C to the hydrophobic pocket and developing immunotherapies as the goal for the near future, which target tumor cells that express the p53-Y220C neoantigen.
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