• ISSN 16748301
  • CN 32-1810/R
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Malnutrition and associated factors of children under 5 years in Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives

  • Nutrition status is very important for child growth. We aim to analyze the prevalence of undernutrition and associated factors among children under 5 years of age in Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives.A total of 800 children (under 5 years) and their mothers were selected for this study. Data was collected by a pretested questionnaire and anthropometric measurements from the record book. Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression were used to find the association of nutritional status with determinants. The distribution of height for age and weight for age in studied children in Maldives was skewed to the left compared with the WHO standard. The prevalence of undernutrition based on underweight (10.75%), stunting (13.5%), and wasting (9.60%) was estimated to be 23.85% among children. Child age, gender and mother's education were significantly associated with undernutrition (P<0.05). Our survey highlighted that better nutritional interventions are needed to improve child health in this region.
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Malnutrition and associated factors of children under 5 years in Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives

  • a Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029, People's Republic of China
  • b Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211166, People's Republic of China
  • c Department of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210009, People's Republic of China

Abstract: Nutrition status is very important for child growth. We aim to analyze the prevalence of undernutrition and associated factors among children under 5 years of age in Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives.A total of 800 children (under 5 years) and their mothers were selected for this study. Data was collected by a pretested questionnaire and anthropometric measurements from the record book. Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression were used to find the association of nutritional status with determinants. The distribution of height for age and weight for age in studied children in Maldives was skewed to the left compared with the WHO standard. The prevalence of undernutrition based on underweight (10.75%), stunting (13.5%), and wasting (9.60%) was estimated to be 23.85% among children. Child age, gender and mother's education were significantly associated with undernutrition (P<0.05). Our survey highlighted that better nutritional interventions are needed to improve child health in this region.

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