Serial lumbar puncture reduces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infection during removal of hemorrhagic CSF in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage after endovascular coiling
- Received Date: 2017-03-16
- Accepted Date: 2017-12-12
- Available Online: 2018-07-20
Abstract: The present study aimed to compare the complications and clinical outcomes of serial lumbar puncture (LP) and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage (LD) of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and provide more evidence to guide clinical management. In this retrospective study, 41 and 39 aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients were enrolled in the LP and LD group, respectively. Clinical outcomes, including CSF infection, intracerebral hemorrhage, vasospasm, hydrocephalus, death, length of stay, duration of drainage and the Glasgow Outcome Scale score were compared between the two groups. By comparing with the LP group, the LD group showed a significantly higher rate of CSF infection (P = 0.029) and shorter duration of drainage (P < 0.001). Both groups displayed similar rates of vasospasm, hydrocephalus, intracerebral hemorrhage, the Glasgow Outcome Scale score one month after endovascular coiling and length of stay (P > 0.05, respectively). In conclusion, both LD and serial LP are effective methods in the treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage; besides, serial LP can reduce the incidence of CSF infection in draining hemorrhagic CSF in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage after endovascular coiling.