UVB suppresses PTEN expression by upregulating miR-141 in HaCaT cells
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 21 to 24 nucleotide, non-coding RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate the expression of target genes. Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation has been shown to inhibit phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression in HaCaT cells through an unknown mechanism. In this study, we investigated whether miR-141 can regulate UVB exposure-mediated inhibition of PTEN expression. Real-time RT-PCR, annexin V/fluorescein isothiocyanate staining, Western blotting and anti-miRNA oligonucle-otide transfection were employed in this study. We found that upregulation of miR-141 expression after UVB ir-radiation was inversely correlated with PTEN expression levels in HaCaT cells. Furthermore, miR-141 expression increased apoptosis, while anti-miR-141 partly restored PTEN expression and reversed the pro-apoptosis effect of UVB. UVB suppresses the expression of PTEN by upregulating miR-141 in HaCaT cells. Therefore, miR-141 is a potential gene therapy target for UVB-induced photodamage.