Plasma lipid abnormalities are implicated in the pathogenic process of type 2 diabetes. The IDE-KIF11-HHEX gene cluster on chromosome 10q23.33 has been identified as a susceptibility locus for type 2 diabetes. We hy?pothesized that genetic variants at 10q23.33 may be associated with plasma lipid concentrations. Seven tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: rs7923837, rs2488075, rs947591, rs11187146, rs5015480, rs4646957 and rs1111875) at 10q23.33 were genotyped in 3,281 subjects from a Han Chinese population, using the Taq?Man OpenArray and Sequenom MassARRAY platforms. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that SNP rs7923837 in the 3'-flanking region of HHEX was significantly associated with triglyceride levels (P = 0.019, 0.031 mmol/L average decrease per minor G allele) and that rs2488075 and rs947591 in the downstream region of HHEX were significantly associated with total cholesterol levels (P = 0.041, 0.058 mmol/L average decrease per minor C allele and P = 0.018, 0.063 mmol/L average decrease per minor A allele, respectively). However, the other four SNPs (rs11187146, rs5015480, rs4646957 and rs1111875) were not significantly associated with any plasma lipid concentrations in this Chinese population. Our data suggest that genetic variants in the IDE-KIF11- HHEX gene cluster at 10q23.33 may partially explain the variation of plasma lipid levels in the Han Chinese pop?ulation. Further studies are required to confirm these findings in other populations.