Title: Effect of restoration technique on resistance to fracture of endodontically treated anterior teeth with flared root canals

Authors: Sary S Borzangy1, Samah M Saker2, Walid A Al-Zordk2

Institutions: 1Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Medina 42353, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt.

Abstract: This study was designed to compare the impact of post and core systems on resistance to fracture of endodontically treated anterior teeth with flared root canals and to assess their fracture pattern. Sixty central incisors were cut horizontally 2 mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ). After root canal therapy, teeth were assigned into 6 groups (n = 10 each) based on a post system and used as follows: Group C, non-flared root received size #1 glass fiber posts (Control); Group AP, flared root restored with anatomical post; Group RC, flared root restored with size #1 fiber post and cemented with thick layer of resin cement; Group CR, flared root restored with size #1 and reinforced with composite resin; Group CM, cast post-core; Group CP, CAD/CAM polymer-infiltrated ceramic post and core. Following post cementation, core build-up and crown insertion, the specimens were thermo-cycled up to 10,000 cycles (5C/55C; 30 seconds dwell time, 6 seconds transition time) and then statically loaded at 1 mm/minute crosshead speed using a universal testing machine. One-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD post hoc test (α = 0.05) were used for data analysis. Group C recorded significantly higher resistance to fracture values [(826.9 39.1) N] followed by group CP [(793.8 55.6) N] while group RC yielded the lowest fracture resistance values [(586.7 51.4) N]. The resistance to fracture of wide root canals can be enhanced by using one-piece CAM/CAM post and core as an alternative to the use of either glass fiber post, relined with composite resin increasing the thickness of luting cement or the use of cast post and core system. However, this was an in vitro investigation and further in vivo studies are necessary.

Keywords: anatomical post, customized post, endodontically treated teeth, flared root canal

Full Text: JBR-2017-0099.pdf

J Biomed Res published on 26 March 2018, https://doi.org/10.7555/JBR.32.20170099